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GSTR-3B: Due Date, Late Fee, Format, Return Filing, Eligibility & Rules

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By Ankit Rahangdale
5 min read

GSTR-3B: Due Date, Late Fee, Format, Return Filing, Eligibility & Rules

Key Takeaways

  • Importance of GSTR-3B: Filing GSTR-3B is mandatory for all registered dealers to manage their GST liabilities and ensure compliance.
  • Late Fees and Penalties: Missing the due date for GSTR-3B filings incurs daily late fees and 18% annual interest on unpaid tax amounts.
  • Filing Nil Returns: Even if there is no tax liability, taxpayers must file a Nil GSTR-3B to avoid penalties.
  • Different Filing Processes: The process for updating mobile numbers, email IDs, and filing returns varies slightly depending on the taxpayer’s role and turnover.
  • Detailed Reporting: GSTR-3B requires comprehensive details on sales, purchases, ITC, and tax payments, essential for accurate GST compliance.

Under current GST laws and regulations, it is mandatory for every registered dealer to file GST returns, providing details on key aspects such as sales, purchases, output tax (GST collected on sales) and input tax credit (GST paid on purchases). To file such a return, Form GSTR-3B was introduced. Filing GSTR-3B is crucial for ensuring compliance with GST regulations.

In this blog, we will walk you through a comprehensive guide on this GST return form, highlighting the steps on how to file GSTR-3B online and other relevant details. 

What Is GSTR 3B?

what is gstr-3b?

GSTR-3B is a self-declared summary return that vendors file every month to manage their GST obligations. This form helps them discharge their GST liabilities and requires them to report summary figures for sales, input tax credit (ITC) claimed, and net tax payment.

A separate Form GSTR-3B has to be filed for each GSTIN, with taxpayers required to pay their GST liability on or before the filing date, which is the due date. Even if there is no tax liability, Form GSTR-3B must still be filed. Once submitted, it cannot be revised.

Late Fee & Penalty for GSTR-3B

GSTR 3B late fees are charges you incur if you miss the due date for filing your tax returns. The fees differ based on whether you file normal GSTR 3B returns or nil returns.

Late Fees for Normal GSTR 3B Returns₹50 Per Day
Late Fees for Nil Returns₹20 Per Day

Additionally, all taxpayers are charged 18% interest per year on the unpaid tax amount. The maximum late fee for filing Form GSTR-3B (except for nil returns) is based on their annual turnover.

Name of the ActIf Annual Turnover is less than ₹1.5 croreIf Annual Turnover is between ₹1.5 crore and ₹5 croreIf Annual Turnover is over ₹5 crore
CGST₹1,000/return₹2,500/return₹5,000/return
SGST₹1,000/return₹2,500/return₹5,000/return
Total Fee paid₹2,000/return₹5,000/return₹10,000/return

On the other hand, the maximum late fee for filing a nil return for GSTR 3B is ₹500 per return (₹250 for CGST and ₹250 for SGST).

Due Dates for GSTR-3B Filing

The due date for filing the Form GSTR-3B varies based on the taxpayer’s aggregate turnover in the previous financial year.

  • In case of aggregate turnover exceeding ₹5 crore in the previous financial year
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MonthDue Date
April 202420th May 2024
May 202420th June 2024
June 202420th July 2024
July 202420th August 2024
August 202420th September 2024
September 202420th October 2024

In case of aggregate turnover up to ₹5 crore in the previous financial year without opting for the QRMP scheme

MonthDue Date
April 202420th May 2024
May 202420th June 2024
June 202420th July 2024
July 202420th August 2024
August 202420th September 2024
September 202420th October 2024

In case of aggregate turnover up to ₹5 crore in the previous financial year under the QRMP scheme

QuarterDue date
April-June 2024For category X states/UT: 22nd July 2024
For category Y states/UT: 24th July 2024
July-September 2024For category X states/UT: 22nd October 2024
For category Y states/UT: 24th October 2024

GSTR-3B vs GSTR-2A & GSTR-2B: Comparison

Let us now discuss the key differences between GSTR-3B, GSTR-2A and GSTR-2B to understand how they each play a role in the current GST regime.

Points of DifferenceGSTR-3BGSTR-2AGSTR-2B
PurposeIt is a summarised return where taxpayers report their GST liabilities for a specific period and discharge them.It is a read-only document that records all the purchases made by a registered business in a specific month, detailing every invoice.This is an automated statement summarising the input tax credit available to a taxpayer, based on information from suppliers’ GST filings.
GeneratedBy GST registered taxpayerAuto-generated from GSTR-1 and GSTR-5 FormsAuto-generated from GSTR-1/IFF, GSTR-5 and GSTR-6 Forms
UseUsed for reporting the total turnover and the tax liability based on the outward supplies and input tax credit.Used for informing a business of its seller’s invoice detailsTaxpayers use this form to claim their Input Tax Credit
Due Date20th day of the next month for monthly basis and either the 22nd or the 24th day of the month following the quarter for the quarterly filersNo due date since it is a auto-populated return. Taxpayers can access this form on the 11th day of the subsequent monthTaxpayers can generally fill out this form on the 14th of each month

GSTR 3B Format

The standard GSTR-3B format helps taxpayers report their GST liabilities and claim input tax credits in a streamlined manner. It includes:

  • GSTIN Number
  • Legally registered name of taxpayer’s business
  • Details of sales and purchases applicable for reverse charge
  • Details of inter-state sales made to buyers under the composition scheme, unregistered buyers and UIN holders
  • Eligible Input Tax Credit (ITC)
  • Value of NIL-rated, non-GST and inward supplies
  • Payment of Tax
  • TCS/TDS Credit

Who Needs to File GSTR 3B?

who needs to file gstr 3b?

If you are registered under the current GST regime, GST return filing is mandatory, even if you do not owe any tax liabilities for the current month. However, the following registrants are exempt from filing GSTR-3B:

  • A taxpayer registered under the composition scheme
  • A non-resident supplier of an Online Information Database Access and Retrieval (OIDAR) service
  • An input service distributor
  • A non-resident taxable person
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Sections Under GSTR-3B

On the GSTR-3B form, taxpayers need to provide their GSTIN (Goods and Services Tax Identification Number) and the legal name of their business, along with other tax-related details. Here is an outline of each section/table of GSTR-3B and the details required in each:

Section 1: Preliminary Details

In this section, taxpayers mention their GSTIN Number or provisional ID if they do not have a valid GSTIN number.

Section 2: Preliminary Details

This field is automatically populated after entering the GSTIN. It displays the legal name of the registered business as per GST records.

Section 3.1: Details of Outward Supplies and Inward Supplies Liable to Reverse Charge

This section is further broken down into the following:

  • Section 3.1(a): Outward taxable supplies (other than zero-rated, NIL-rated and exempted) including sales within states and across states where GST is charged.
  • Section 3.1(b): Outward taxable supplies (zero rated) such as exports or supplies made to Special Economic Zones (SEZs).
  • Section 3.1(c): Other outward supplies (nil rated, exempted) including supplies exempt from GST or those with a nil GST rate, such as salt, fresh milk, curd, lassi and puja samagri.
  • Section 3.1(d): Inward supplies (liable to reverse charge) purchases made by unregistered dealers on which taxpayers must pay the applicable GST rate directly.
  • Section 3.1(e): Non-GST outward supplies or supplies that are exempt from GST, such as alcohol and petroleum.

Section 3.2: Of the supplies shown in 3.1 (a) above, details of inter-State supplies made to unregistered persons, composition taxable persons and UIN holders

In this section of the GSTR-3B form, there is a breakdown of ‘Outward Taxable Supplies’, including inter-state supplies made to unregistered persons, composition dealers and individuals holding a UIN.

Section 4: Eligible ITC

Under this section, Input Tax Credit details are specified separately for IGST, CGST, SGST, UTGST and Cess, without the need for invoice-level information or reporting the total value in the form. It includes ITC availed from import of goods, import of services and other eligible ITCs. 

Section 5: Values of Exempt, NIL-Rated and non-GST Inward Supplies

This section includes all purchases of goods or services made by the taxpayer from a composite dealer, which are either exempt, NIL-rated or not covered by GST. It categorises these purchases separately for both interstate and intrastate supplies.

Section 6: Payment for Tax

In this section, taxpayers must declare the final tax payable on their supplies as per Section 3.1(a) and 3.1.1, detailing taxable amounts separately for IGST, CGST, SGST and UTGST. It also records the Input Tax Credit (ITC) availed and includes all fees and interest associated with late filing.

GSTR-3B Online Filing in the GSTN portal

GSTR 3B Return Filing | How to File GSTR 3B | How to File GSTR 3b Monthy Quarterly Online

Here is a step-by-step guide on how to file GSTR-3B online via the GSTN portal.

Step 1: Log in to the GST portal using toy registered credentials and navigate to the homepage.

Step 2: The return filing status for the last 5 tax periods will be displayed on the screen. From the ‘Services’ menu, tap on ‘Returns’ and choose ‘Returns Dashboard’.

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Step 3: On the ‘File Returns’ page, select ‘Financial Year’, ‘Quarter’ and ‘Return Filing Period -Month or Quarter’ for which you intend to file the return.

Step 4: Click on the ‘Search’ tab.

Step 5: Choose the ‘Prepare Online’ option from the ‘Monthly Return GSTR-3B’ tile.

Step 6: Answer the set of questions displayed on the screen and tap on ‘Next’.

Step 7: Enter the values in each tile, the total under each head and interest/late fees as applicable.

Step 8: Once you have added all the details, click on the ‘SAVE GSTR 3B’ tab displayed at the bottom of the page if you want to edit or click on the ‘SUBMIT’ button to proceed.

Step 9: Navigate to the ‘PREVIEW DRAFT GSTR-3B’ tab on the bottom and click on it.

Step 10: Click on the ‘Proceed to Payment’ tab to make GST payment and offset liability successfully.

Step 11: Select ‘Authorised Signatory’ from the drop-down menu.

Step 12: Choose the ‘FILE GSTR-3B WITH DSC/ FILE GSTR-3B WITH EVC’ option.

Step 13: Click on the ‘Proceed’ button to finalise and submit your GSTR-3B return securely.

Conclusion

Timely filing of GST Return 3-B is crucial for businesses to steer clear of penalties and stay compliant with GST regulations. If taxpayers delay filing, they will incur daily fines and interest charges. Understanding how to file GSTR-3B online enables them to submit their returns promptly and accurately, thereby avoiding late fees and penalties.

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How do I file a GSTR 3B payment?

To file a GSTR 3B payment, log in to the GST portal, navigate to the ‘Returns Dashboard,’ select the relevant financial period, and click on ‘Prepare Online’ under GSTR 3B. Fill in the required details, verify the information, and proceed to make the payment through the payment options available, including Net Banking, NEFT/RTGS, or credit/debit card.

How to file GSTR 3B Nil online?

To file a Nil GSTR 3B, log in to the GST portal, go to the ‘Returns Dashboard,’ select the appropriate period, and click ‘Prepare Online’ under GSTR 3B. Enter zero in all applicable fields, click on ‘Save GSTR 3B,’ preview the form, and then submit it using DSC, E-Sign, or EVC.

Can we file GST return online?

Yes, GST returns can be filed online through the GST portal. Users need to log in, select the relevant return form (e.g., GSTR 1, GSTR 3B), fill in the required details, and submit the form using the available verification methods like DSC, E-Sign, or EVC.

What is required to file GSTR 3B?

To file GSTR 3B, you need details of outward and inward supplies, eligible Input Tax Credit (ITC), tax liability, and the payment of taxes. Access to the GST portal and a valid Digital Signature Certificate (DSC), E-Sign, or EVC for verification is also necessary.

How to file GSTR 3B return online?

To file GSTR 3B online, log in to the GST portal, navigate to the ‘Returns Dashboard,’ select the return period, and click on ‘Prepare Online.’ Enter the details of sales, purchases, ITC, and tax liabilities, verify the information, and submit the return using DSC, E-Sign, or EVC.

What is the maximum late fee for GSTR 3B?

The maximum late fee for GSTR 3B is capped at Rs. 500 per return (Rs. 250 each for CGST and SGST) if the return is filed after the due date but within the specified period for small taxpayers. For nil returns, the late fee is Rs. 20 per day (Rs. 10 each for CGST and SGST) up to a maximum of Rs. 500.

How to claim ITC in GSTR 3?

To claim Input Tax Credit (ITC) in GSTR 3B, enter the eligible ITC amounts in Table 4 of the form. This includes ITC on inward supplies, import of goods/services, and other eligible credits. Verify the details and submit the form to avail the credit against your output tax liability.

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