sit amet. Aut praesentium molestiae sit amet consectetur id consequuntur velit ×

Know all about GST Registration for Hotel Business

avatar of ankit rahangdale
By Ankit Rahangdale
5 min read

Know all about GST Registration for Hotel Business

Key Takeaways 

  • Simplified Tax Structure: GST has replaced multiple taxes with a unified system, reducing complexity and administrative burden for hotel businesses.
  • Input Tax Credit (ITC): Hotels can claim ITC on GST paid for goods and services used in their operations, enhancing profit margins by reducing overall costs.
  • GST Registration: Hotels must register for GST if their annual turnover exceeds Rs. 20 lakhs (Rs. 10 lakhs for special category states) and follow the outlined registration process for compliance.
  • Variable GST Rates: Accommodation services are taxed based on room tariffs, with rates ranging from 0% to 28%, while restaurant services in hotels vary between 5% and 18% depending on the room tariff and service type.
  • Impact on Pricing and Transparency: Uniform tax rates and transparent pricing under GST build consumer confidence and support tourism growth, but compliance costs and rate variations remain challenges for the industry.

The Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a comprehensive indirect tax levy on the manufacture, sale, and consumption of goods and services at the national level. For hotel businesses, understanding GST registration, rates, and Input Tax Credit (ITC) mechanisms is crucial for compliance and financial efficiency.

This guide covers essential aspects of GST applicable to the hotel industry, including registration, rates, hotel services, e-commerce operators, restaurant services, and the time of supply.

GST Registration for Hotel Businesses

gst registration for hotel businesses

Hotel businesses in India are required to register for GST if their annual turnover exceeds the threshold limit. As of the latest updates, the threshold limits are:

  • Rs. 20 lakhs for businesses in most states.
  • Rs. 10 lakhs for businesses in special category states (e.g., North-Eastern states).

Documents Required for GST Registration

Process of Registration 

Step 1: Prepare Documents

  • PAN: Permanent Account Number of the business.
  • Proof of Business Address: Rental agreement, property tax receipt, or electricity bill.
  • Bank Account Details: Copy of the bank statement or a cancelled cheque.
  • Identity Proofs: Aadhaar card, passport, or voter ID of the owners or partners.

Step 2: Online Application

  • Visit GST Portal: Go to www.gst.gov.in.
  • Complete Form GST REG-01: Fill in the required details in the registration form.

Step 3: Verification

  • Submit Documents: Upload the necessary documents for verification by the authorities.

Step 4: GSTIN Issuance

  • Receive GSTIN: Upon successful verification, you will be issued a unique Goods and Services Tax Identification Number (GSTIN).

GST Rates Applicable for the Hospitality Industry

  • Restaurant Services: Varies based on the type of service and location (e.g., air-conditioned vs. non-air-conditioned).
  • Hotel Services: Dependent on the room tariff.
  • Outdoor Catering: Different rates apply based on the nature of the service.

Time of Booking

  • GST Applicability: GST is applicable at the time of booking for services like hotel reservations and event bookings.

GST Rates Applicable to Hotel Services

Accommodation Services

GST rates for accommodation services are based on the room tariff:

GST on hotel industry

Restaurant Services in Hotels

CategoryGST RateInput Tax Credit (ITC)Description
Standalone Restaurants5%Not AvailableApplies to restaurants not located within hotels or premises with room tariffs.
Restaurants in Hotels (Room Tariff < ₹7,500)5%Not AvailableApplies to restaurants in hotels or premises where the room tariff is less than ₹7,500 per night.
Restaurants in Hotels (Room Tariff ≥ ₹7,500)18%AvailableApplies to restaurants in hotels or premises where the room tariff is ₹7,500 or above per night.
Outdoor Catering Services18%AvailableApplies to catering services provided outside the restaurant premises.
Composition Scheme for Small Restaurants5%Not AvailableAvailable for small restaurants with an annual turnover of up to ₹1.5 crore.

Input Tax Credit (ITC) for Hotel Businesses

input tax credit (itc) for hotel businesses

Eligibility for ITC

Hotel businesses can claim ITC for GST paid on purchases and expenses related to their business operations, such as:

  • Purchase of Goods and Services: ITC can be claimed for goods and services used in providing taxable supplies.
  • Capital Goods and Other Inputs: ITC can be claimed for capital goods and other inputs used for business purposes.
Must Read  Adhoc Statement Charges, Including GST

Conditions for Availing ITC

  1. Possession of Tax Invoice: The taxpayer must have a valid tax invoice or debit note issued by a registered supplier.
  2. Receipt of Goods or Services: The goods or services must have been received.
  3. Payment of Tax: The tax charged by the supplier must have been paid to the government.
  4. Filing of Returns: The taxpayer must file their GST returns, including details of purchases (Form GSTR-2).

GST Rate Applicable

The GST rate applicable to hotel services varies based on factors such as the room tariff, type of service, and nature of supply. Here are some key points:

  • Room Tariff: The GST rate on room tariff is based on slabs, with rates varying from 5% to 28% depending on the room tariff.
  • Restaurant Services: Restaurants within hotels may have different GST rates, typically 5% without ITC on food and beverages.
  • Inter-State Supply: For inter-state supply of hotel services, IGST is applicable.

Reversal of ITC

Input Tax Credit (ITC) must be reversed in certain situations to ensure compliance with GST regulations. These situations include:

  1. Non-payment to the Supplier within 180 Days:
    • If the taxpayer fails to make payment to the supplier within 180 days from the date of the invoice, the ITC availed on such invoices must be reversed.
  2. Use of Goods or Services for Non-Business Purposes:
    • ITC must be reversed if the goods or services are used for non-business purposes such as personal use or guest houses.

Time of Supply and Issue of Invoice

time of supply and issue of invoice

The time of supply is essential for determining when GST becomes payable. For hotel services, the time of supply is the earlier of:

  1. Date of issuance of invoice: The date when the invoice is issued by the hotel.
  2. Date of receipt of payment: The date when the payment is received by the hotel.

Issue of Invoice

Invoices must be issued within a prescribed time frame to ensure compliance:

  1. Continuous Supply of Services: For continuous supply of services such as hotel services, the invoice must be issued within 30 days from the date of supply.

GST Compliance for E-Commerce Operators

E-commerce operators facilitating hotel bookings are required to:

  • Collect TCS (Tax Collected at Source): At the rate of 1% on the net value of taxable supplies.
  • File Returns: Monthly returns (Form GSTR-8) to report TCS collected.

Composition Scheme

Hotel businesses with a turnover up to Rs. 1.5 crores can opt for the Composition Scheme, which allows them to pay a fixed rate of GST on their turnover without availing ITC:

  • Restaurants: 5% GST
  • This rate is inclusive of both CGST (Central GST) and SGST (State GST), each constituting 2.5%
Must Read  Reverse Charge Mechanism (RCM) in Commercial Property Rentals

Impact of GST on Hotel Industry

The impact of GST on the hotel industry has been significant, with both benefits and challenges. Here is an analysis considering various factors such as turnover of hoteliers, restaurant owners, the role of the GST Council, and the influence on business trips and lodging purposes.

Benefits of GST on the Hotel Industry

benefits of gst on the hotel industry

Simplified Tax Structure

  • Uniform Tax Rates: GST has replaced multiple taxes, leading to a more streamlined and simplified tax structure.
  • Reduced Complexity: The consolidation of taxes such as service tax, luxury tax, and VAT into a single GST has decreased the administrative burden for hoteliers and restaurant owners.

Input Tax Credit (ITC)

  • Cost Reduction: Availability of ITC on inputs reduces the overall cost of goods and services provided by hotels and restaurants.
  • Enhanced Profit Margins: By reducing the tax burden, businesses can maintain better profit margins, benefiting medium entrepreneurs and larger hotel chains alike.

Increased Transparency

  • Uniform Regulations: The uniformity in tax rates and regulations enhances transparency, benefiting both businesses and consumers.
  • Consumer Confidence: Transparent pricing boosts consumer confidence, which is particularly important for attracting overseas tourists and maintaining a steady influx of the backpacker crowd.

Challenges of GST on the Hotel Industry

Compliance Costs

  • Administrative Burden: Regular filing of returns and maintaining detailed records increase the administrative costs for hoteliers.
  • Small and Medium Entrepreneurs: Compliance can be particularly challenging for small and medium entrepreneurs who may lack the resources to manage the increased paperwork.

Rate Variations

  • Confusion Over Rates: Different GST rates based on room tariffs (e.g., 12%, 18%, and 28% for various tariff slabs) can create confusion for both customers and service providers.
  • Impact on Pricing Strategy: Hotels need to carefully strategize their pricing to fall within favorable GST slabs, which can sometimes lead to inefficiencies.

Impact on Specific Areas

impact on specific areas

Turnover of Hoteliers and Restaurant Owners

  • Increased Costs: Compliance costs may affect the turnover of hoteliers, especially those operating with tight margins.
  • Competitive Advantage: Efficient management of ITC and compliance can provide a competitive advantage.

Role of the GST Council

  • Policy Making: The GST Council plays a crucial role in determining applicable GST rates, which directly impact the hotel industry.
  • Rate Adjustments: The Council’s decisions on rate adjustments can either alleviate or add to the industry’s challenges.

Business Trips and Lodging Purposes

  • Tax Deductibility: GST on accommodation services is often deductible for businesses, reducing the effective cost of business trips.
  • Choice of Accommodation: Variations in GST rates influence the choice of accommodation for business travelers.

Online Platforms and Asian Counterparts

  • Online Booking: Online platforms need to integrate GST compliance into their booking systems.
  • Global Competitiveness: Comparison with Asian counterparts shows that efficient GST management can enhance the global competitiveness of Indian hotels.

Employment Opportunities and Tourism Hotspots

  • Job Creation: The growth of the hotel industry, supported by a favorable GST regime, can lead to increased employment opportunities.
  • Tourism Development: Clear and uniform tax policies support the development of tourism hotspots, benefiting local economies.

Banquet Hall Services and Primary Services

  • Service Bundling: GST on composite supplies (e.g., accommodation, food, and banquet hall services) requires careful categorization to optimize tax benefits.
  • Event Planning: GST implications on services within hotel premises, like banquet halls, affect pricing and event planning.
Must Read  The Impact of GST on Rent: An Overview

Union Territory and Luxury Tax

  • Special Provisions: Union Territories may have specific GST provisions affecting hotels.
  • Abolition of Luxury Tax: The abolition of luxury tax under GST benefits high-end hotels, particularly 5-star or above-rated hotels.

Cancellation Fees and Online Portals

  • Refund Policies: GST on cancellation fees impacts the refund policies and customer satisfaction.
  • Booking Transparency: Online portals must ensure transparent GST inclusion in pricing to avoid customer disputes.

GST Registration Process and Composite Supply

  • Simplified Registration: A simplified GST registration process aids new hotel businesses.
  • Effective Rate Management: Proper management of GST rates on composite supplies enhances profitability.

Conclusion

Understanding GST registration, applicable rates, and the mechanisms for availing Input Tax Credit is vital for hotel businesses to ensure compliance and optimize financial performance. By adhering to the guidelines and staying updated with changes in GST laws, hotel operators can efficiently manage their tax liabilities and contribute to a streamlined taxation system.

💡If you want to pay your GST with a credit card, then download Pice Business Payment App. Pice is the one stop app for paying all your business expenses

FAQs

What is the GST registration threshold for hotel businesses?

Hotel businesses in India must register for GST if their annual turnover exceeds Rs. 20 lakhs for most states, and Rs. 10 lakhs for special category states such as North-Eastern states. This registration is crucial for compliance and to avail Input Tax Credit (ITC).

How are GST rates determined for hotel accommodation services?

GST rates for hotel accommodation are based on the room tariff per night:
Below ₹1,000: 0%
₹1,000 – ₹2,500: 12%
₹2,500 – ₹7,500: 18%
Above ₹7,500: 28% These rates apply uniformly across all states.

Can hotel businesses claim Input Tax Credit (ITC)?

Yes, hotel businesses can claim ITC for GST paid on purchases and expenses related to their operations, such as goods and services used in providing taxable supplies. To avail ITC, businesses must have a valid tax invoice, receive the goods or services, ensure tax payment to the government, and file GST returns.

What is the impact of GST on restaurant services within hotels?

Restaurant services within hotels are taxed differently based on the room tariff:
5% GST without ITC for restaurants in hotels with room tariffs less than ₹7,500.
18% GST with ITC for restaurants in hotels with room tariffs ₹7,500 and above. Standalone restaurants outside hotel premises are taxed at 5% without ITC.

What are the compliance requirements for e-commerce operators in the hotel industry?

E-commerce operators facilitating hotel bookings must collect Tax Collected at Source (TCS) at 1% on the net value of taxable supplies. They are required to file monthly returns using Form GSTR-8 to report the TCS collected. Compliance with these requirements is essential to avoid penalties and ensure smooth operations.

Scroll to Top