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GST Dues Delays Due to AG Certificate Issues

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By Ankit Rahangdale
6 min read

GST Dues Delays Due to AG Certificate Issues

Key Takeaways

  • The AG Certificate for GST enhances compliance and transparency in India’s tax system.
  • Delays in GST compensation to some states are linked to the absence of AG-authenticated certificates.
  • Finance Minister Sitharaman emphasizes the importance of proper documentation for timely compensation.
  • Significant payments have been made to ensure states receive GST compensation on time.
  • The AG Certificate aims to streamline the GST audit process and address dues clearance delays.
  • Misconceptions about the AG Certificate that complicate GST compliance are clarified.

The GST in India brought fundamental changes to the taxation system, making it one indirect tax for many. In the course of the transition, the AG Certificate for GST assumes a very crucial role of being in charge of compliance and auditing; hence, the accuracy cannot be taken lightly to avoid many totting up different kinds of tax arrears.

Hon. Minister of Finance Nirmala Sitharaman highlighted the things related to the AG certificate for GST that were periodically slowed down by clearance delays, non-compliance, and misconceptions concerning pending dues. Nevertheless, this did not bridle the thriving impact of GST.

What is AG Certificate for GST?

The AG (Accountant General) Certificate for GST (Goods and Services Tax) is a compliance and audit mechanism introduced in India to enhance the transparency and accountability of the GST filing process.

ag certificate for gst.

The certificate is intended to meticulously review financial statements and tax submissions in order to detect discrepancies, prevent tax evasion, and maintain a strong and effective tax collection system.

Objectives and Background

The objective of the AG (Accountant General) Certificate for GST (Goods and Services Tax) in India is to enhance the transparency and accountability of the GST filing process.

In this regard, the certificate is meant to meticulously review financial statements and tax submissions for errors so as to prevent tax evasion and make tax administration stronger.

The AG Certificate helps to mitigate the problem of backlog in the clearing of dues by upholding compliance and settling disputes on pending dues. Among others, this is an initiative to smooth the audit for GST submissions, reduce tax evasion, and add accountability to the GST regime.

Delay in Dues Clearance

The delay in GST compensation to some states has been attributed to the non-availability of the Accountant General’s (AG) authenticated certificate. This documentation is crucial for the verification process that ensures the legitimacy and accuracy of the claims made by states for compensation payment.

The absence of certificate for GST compensation can hinder the smooth disbursement of funds, as these documents are essential for the central government to validate the compensation dues. It underscores the importance of proper documentation and compliance with regulatory requirements for the timely receipt of GST compensation by the states.

GST Dues Update: Nirmala Sitharaman Names States, Highlights AG Certificate Non-Submission"

Sitharaman in an conference stated  that the delay in the payment of GST Compensation to some states is mainly of non submission of the accountant general certificates . She also stated that she would clear the compensation if she receives the certificate otherwise you have not sent the certificate and you will blame us that we are not giving money on time.

The Central Government has taken steps to ensure states receive their GST compensation in a timely manner, which is critical for offsetting potential revenue losses due to GST implementation. Significant payments were made in recent years, including Rs. 17,000 crore for the April to June 2022 period, with a total of Rs. 1,15,662 crore disbursed during 2022–23 despite lower cess collections.

Additionally, the entire GST compensation due up to May 2022, amounting to Rs. 86,912 crore, was released for GST compensation payable to assist states in managing their resources and supporting capital expenditure programs.

Key Insights from FM Nirmala Sitharaman

The Accountant General (AG) Certificate for Goods and Services Tax (GST) issued by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has been a pivotal moment in India’s tax administration landscape. Here are key insights related to the AG Certificate for GST, as highlighted by FM Nirmala Sitharaman:

  • Enhanced Compliance and Transparency: The AG Certificate for GST is designed to ensure a higher level of compliance and transparency in the tax filing process. Sitharaman emphasized the certificate’s role in making the GST regime more accountable and reducing instances of tax evasion.
  • Streamlining the Audit Process: One of the primary objectives of introducing the AG Certificate is to streamline the audit process for GST filings. The Finance Minister pointed out that this measure would facilitate a smoother, more efficient audit mechanism, allowing for quicker verification of tax submissions and financial statements.
  • Addressing Delays in Dues Clearance: FM Sitharaman acknowledged the challenges of delays in dues clearance under the GST framework. She noted that the AG Certificate would play a crucial role in identifying and addressing the causes of these delays, which range from administrative bottlenecks to technical issues within the GST Network (GSTN).
  • Clarification on Pending Dues: A significant insight from Sitharaman’s discussions was the clarification regarding pending dues. She underscored that not all pending dues should be attributed to tax evasion or non-compliance. Instead, many such instances arise from the complexities and challenges inherent in the transition to the new GST system.
  • Commitment to Systemic Improvements: The Finance Minister expressed a strong commitment to systemic improvements within the GST framework. By introducing measures like the AG Certificate, the government aims to address and rectify specific instances of compliance failures, thereby enhancing the overall efficacy of the tax system.
  • Support for Businesses: In accordance with the difficulties occupying the companies in adjusting the GST system, Sitharaman revealed the will of the government to perk businesses up through these transformations.
  • The AG certificate is a part of a comprehensive project comprising a full set of the regulations for GST, providing businesses the needed guidelines and support for their compliance with the GST requirements, thus making the transition and future operation under the GST regime easier.
  • Long-term Vision for GST: Lastly, FM Sitharaman’s insights reflect a long-term vision for GST in India. By implementing tools like the AG Certificate for GST, the government aims to build a more robust, transparent, and efficient tax system that supports business growth and ensures equitable tax collection across the country.
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Dispelling Misconceptions

The AG Certificate for GST should rightly be an utmost concern in the quest for total clarity concerning its goal, design, and effect.

There have been a number of misunderstandings surrounding the AG Certificate in the GST framework that require clarification:

  • Misconception: The AG Certificate Complicates GST Compliance
  • Reality: The AG Certificate is intended to simplify and streamline the GST compliance process. It aims to ensure accurate and transparent tax filings by providing a clear framework for audits. Rather than complicating compliance, it serves to identify discrepancies and prevent tax evasion, ultimately facilitating a smoother process for businesses.
  • Misconception: It Leads to Increased Scrutiny and Harassment of Businesses
  • Reality: While the AG Certificate does increase scrutiny of GST filings, the objective is not to harass businesses but to ensure compliance and fairness in the tax system. The enhanced audit mechanism is designed to be objective and systematic, focusing on transparency and accountability rather than punitive action against businesses.
  • Misconception: Only Businesses with Non-compliance Issues Need to Worry
  • Reality: The AG Certificate affects all businesses subject to GST, not just those with compliance issues. It serves as a preventive tool to maintain the integrity of the tax system and encourages all businesses to adhere to compliance standards. The focus is on promoting a culture of compliance rather than targeting specific entities.
  • Misconception: The AG Certificate Is an Added Financial Burden on Businesses
  • Reality: The primary aim of the AG Certificate is to ensure compliance and streamline the audit process. While there may be initial efforts required to align with the new audit requirements, the long-term benefits include reduced discrepancies, minimized tax evasion, and a more efficient tax system. By doing so, companies can enjoy wider stability in their business foundation and possibly lower fulfilment costs down the line.
  • Misconception: Pending Dues Are Always Due to Deliberate Tax Evasion
  • Reality: Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has clarified that not all pending dues arise from tax evasion or deliberate non-compliance. Many instances of pending dues are due to administrative challenges, technical issues with the GST Network (GSTN), or the complexities of transitioning to the new system. The AG Certificate aims to identify and address these issues systematically.
  • Misconception: The AG Certificate Is Unnecessary for GST Compliance
  • Reality: The AG Certificate is a strategic move to enhance the overall efficiency and transparency of the GST system. It is a key tool used in the process of verifying the correct payment amount and tax filings, keeping both matters accountable and the integrity of the tax collection process intact. On the contrary, instead of being meaningless, it is the backbone of the country’s efforts to look into the GST’s effectiveness.
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Adjusted Total Turnover in GST

The “Adjusted Total Turnover” in GST is calculated by taking the aggregate value of all taxable and exempt supplies within a state or union territory, excluding the value of inward supplies on which tax is paid on a reverse charge basis, and exempt supplies other than zero-rated supplies.

adjusted total turnover in gst.

It also excludes the turnover of supplies for which a refund is claimed under specific sub-rules. This concept is pivotal for calculating refunds related to zero-rated supplies without tax payment under GST.

Impact on Businesses

The launch of the Accountant General (AG) Certificate for Goods and Services Tax (GST) carries with it considerable meaning for businesses looking for a home within the Indian tax structure. The measure is the key aspect of the procedure of simplicity and accuracy in filing of GST forms.

Enhanced Compliance Requirements

The businesses, therefore, work under stricter controls now to see that the GST filings are actually in accordance with what the regulations specify. The audit compliance certificate requires a deep self-examination of tax documents along with the reports of the financial statements in order to meet the auditing standards, consequently, a higher level of diligence is brought to the compliance effort

impact on businesses

Increased Operational Transparency

The requirement for the AG Certificate promotes operational transparency within businesses. Through the audit process, companies should do record keeping management , which is the basis of the culture of transparency and accountability. Positive transformation could bring forth more effective procedures and develop relationships with investors, customers, and authorities.

Potential for Higher Compliance Costs

In the short term, businesses may face higher compliance costs as they prepare for and undergo the audit process. This includes investing resources, such as time and money, in accounting software or services and possibly hiring external auditors to meet the AG Certificate requirements. SMEs could be more heavily impacted by these changes.

Reduction in Tax Evasion and Discrepancies

The AG Certificate aims to reduce tax evasion and discrepancies in GST filings. Such a measure becomes a success by ensuring that all the actors or companies that maintain the laws of paying taxes are subjected to the same levels of compliance standards.

In the long run, tax administration reforms could mean more equal state companies and higher tax revenues to the government.

Need for Enhanced Record-Keeping

Businesses must adopt enhanced record-keeping practices to comply with the AG Certificate requirements. Efficient and accurate documentation of all transactions, tax invoices, and financial statements becomes paramount. This requirement may lead businesses to invest in better accounting systems or ERP software, ultimately benefiting their overall operational efficiency.

Opportunity for Process Improvements

The AG certificate certification auditing process can expose such business areas as discussed above which need supply chain process improvement. By addressing waste or misalignment, organizations can eliminate unnecessary spending and adopt more efficient methods, which could result in better performance over time.

Potential Delays and Uncertainty

Initially, the implementation of the AG Certificate might cause delays and uncertainty as businesses adapt to the new requirements. Understanding the audit process, preparing documentation, and resolving any identified issues can be time-consuming, impacting business operations temporarily.


The certification of an AG for GST indicates that the policymaking and enforcement of GST are crucial parts of establishing the democracy of India through the initialization of militarization and government action in the field of transparency and accountability. The Indian government’s commitment to regulating its own tax system is evident in Nirmala Sitharaman’s announcement to the government about addressing the urea delivery delays and improving record-keeping.

AG Certificate plays a crucial role in ensuring with due care and attention that the process of the tax filing is done accurately and avoiding tax evasion, which is a need for preserving the GST regime. Enterprises will be guided to revamp their systems so as to prepare for the anticipated new fiscal system, which is expected to advance transparency, fairness, and efficiency in the new tax regime.

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The aim of this project is twofold: to ease business processes on the one hand and to prevent fraudsters and offenders who make false statements on GST compensation and to further the macroeconomic development of the country.

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 What is the AG Certificate for GST?

The Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India’s office issues the AG (Accountant General) Certificate for GST specifically for government departments making taxable supplies of goods and services. This certificate is necessary for government departments to register under GST without having to pay GST in advance or provide a tax deposit. It serves as a guarantee for the due performance of all GST liabilities, ensuring compliance and facilitating the smooth operation of government departments under the GST framework.

Why have there been delays in dues clearance?

Delays in dues clearance can occur due to various reasons, including administrative inefficiencies, discrepancies in documentation or invoicing, cash flow constraints within organizations, or complex regulatory requirements that prolong the processing time. In some cases, delays may also arise from disputes over the quality of goods or services provided, leading to extended negotiations. Such issues underscore the importance of clear communication, accurate and timely documentation, and efficient financial management practices to minimize delays in payment settlements.

Are all pending dues a result of tax evasion?

No, not all pending dues are a result of tax evasion. Many instances of pending dues arise from administrative delays, misunderstandings, discrepancies in paperwork, or disputes over the amount owed rather than deliberate attempts to evade taxes. Cash flow problems or financial difficulties faced by businesses can also lead to delays in settling dues. Therefore, while tax evasion can be a reason for some outstanding dues, it is not the sole cause, and each case needs to be evaluated on its own merits.

What impact does GST compliance have on businesses?

GST compliance has a significant impact on businesses, influencing their financial, operational, and compliance practices. Compliant businesses can benefit from a streamlined tax regime, improved input tax credit utilization, and enhanced credibility with vendors and customers, potentially leading to increased business opportunities. However, ensuring compliance requires businesses to invest in robust accounting systems, stay updated on GST regulations, and maintain meticulous records, which can be challenging, especially for small and medium enterprises. Non-compliance, on the other hand, can result in penalties, legal issues, and damage to reputation.

How does the AG Certificate for GST benefit the tax system?

The AG Certificate for GST benefits the tax system by ensuring that government departments comply with GST regulations without the financial burden of advance tax payments or deposits. This facilitates the smooth operation of public sector projects and services by allowing government entities to participate in the GST regime efficiently. Moreover, it enhances accountability and transparency in government transactions, contributing to a more streamlined and equitable tax collection process.

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